Marble: A floor that is always modern
A floor made of marble is a natural, elegant, classic and refined floor.
Historically, marble has been one of the most widely used flooring products in the most prestigious buildings.
Moreover, marble is always up-to-date, and has been able to adapt to minimalism and modern styles.
But what is marble? How is it formed?
Marble is produced by the sedimentation of various materials and the crystallisation of calcium carbonate. The combination of temperature and mountain pressure leads to the destruction of the structures, textures and fossils originally present, which recombine to form the various types of marble.
The colour of marble depends on the presence of mineral impurities (clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, flint nodules), existing in layers within the original sedimentary rock. During the metamorphic process these impurities are displaced and recrystallised due to pressure and heat.
White marbles, on the other hand, are the result of the metamorphosis of pure calcareous rocks, devoid of mineral impurities.
>>>History and geography of marble>> [in preparation].
One of the distinctions that we can make to classify the various types of marble flooring concerns the type of surface processing they have undergone. On the basis of this type of processing we can identify polished marble and antique marble.
► Polished marble
For those who want a perfectly mirror polished floor, and without joints, the ideal is the honed marble. The slabs are laid semi-skimmed, grouted and polished with a polishing machine that requires a constant flow of water. The result is a perfectly polished floor with no joints.
>>>Polished marble>> [in preparation].
► Antiqued marble
Antiqued marble, on the other hand, reproduces the process of abrasion by footsteps and atmospheric agents and allows a particularly smooth surface to be obtained. In some cases the antiqued effect is also produced with a wavy effect on the surface, the result of greater abrasion where the material is softer, in perfect imitation of what happens in nature.
In other cases, an imitation of the ancient floors of Venetian palaces and churches has been sought, where abrasion has been added to the effect of water, resulting in a worn but semi-glossy floor.
>>>Antique marble>> [in preparation].
Marble protection treatment
Marble must be treated to protect it from staining agents.
In the case of antiqued marble, this is usually already pre-treated so as to facilitate installation, which should preferably be carried out on a screed using the appropriate adhesives.
Some marbles require special adhesives: this is, for example, the case of alps green, which must be laid with non-water-based epoxy glue.
>>>What treatments for marble? >> [in preparation].
To be able to cut tiles or marble slabs, a water-cooled Clipper with a diamond disc should be used. It is not possible to use an ordinary tile cutter.
>>> Marble laying equipment >>> [in preparation].
Vicenza and Verona marbles
The marbles of our areas (Vicenza and Verona) are Bianco Perlino or Biancone, Rosa Perlino and Rosso Asiago, all three characterised by friable veins, the presence of fossils and organic material inside, marbles originating from the plateau.
Equally well known and widespread are Rosso Verona and Giallo Reale, which are quarried in the Verona area.
Extremely widespread is Botticino di Brescia, another marble that has covered the floors and stairs of many of our homes.
>>>The Biancone marble>> [in preparation].
>>>Perlino pink>> [in preparation].
>>>Verona red>>[in preparation]
Many other marbles of distant and sometimes even exotic origin are used for their particular, more vivid colours, such as the already mentioned Alpine Green, Persian Red Travertine (Iran), the very famous Carrara White or Marquinia Black and many others.
Marble trends at the moment
Marble with no veining, such as sandstone, with a light and neutral colour, has been in great demand lately.
Even grey marbles are currently trending because they are in line with modern and metropolitan styles of home furnishing.